Unlike other institutions, students don’t have to sit an enrollment test to qualify for a Ukrainian higher education institution.
The Ukrainian academic year is composed of two terms that begin in September 1 and end in June or July. The students enjoy a break between the two terms.
When a term ends, the students are provided with three or five tests that they must pass in order to proceed to the succeeding term.
Students enter their respective schools every weekday. They take up lectures and tutorials. They also study necessary materials that are found in resource centers and libraries.
Ukrainian higher education has courses that require job placement. Such courses grant the students with remarkable real life experiences.
The state prioritizes the acknowledgement of the attained qualification. After successfully graduating from a university, the Diploma is conferred to the student together with the transcript of taken subjects and their corresponding grades. In spite of the state’s guarantee of adherence to qualification standards, employers usually consider the reputation of the university from which a graduate comes.
At present, students in Ukraine just have to select from the 1700 available institutes, universities and academies that have third or fourth accreditation level. The country has 80 non-state institutions 480 state institutions. More than half of the state universities provide free education to deserving students.
International students can obtain their higher education through accredited and licensed Ukrainian academies, educational institutes and universities.
The quality of education received by the international students is managed and supervised by the country’s Ministry of Education and Science.
Foreign students commence their education in the country through the foundation year, which covers a subject on Russian or Ukrainian language and several comprehensive courses as dictated by desired profession in the future. After the foundation year, the international students continue their studies together with Ukrainian students.
There are some instructors who teach their subjects in French or English.
Entry to a Ukrainian University: Application Procedures.
If you wish to study in a Ukrainian university, you must submit a copy of your passport, a copy of your Secondary School Certificate that presents your grades, and the payment for the application process.
The necessary documents must undergo certification and legalization in compliance with the legal rules of your country. In spite of the state’s guarantee of adherence to qualification standards, employers usually consider the reputation of the university from which a graduate comes.
The country’s education system is continually transforming because of the transition requirements commonly possessed by former constituents of the Soviet Union. The current article also provides some interesting details regarding the recent changes in Ukraine’s education system. Such changes influenced numerous academic institutions in the country, for example, in terms of the curriculums they offer to their students.
When the Soviet Union was still around, Ukraine only possessed state-supported academic institutions that do not have any religious affiliation. All academic institutions, inclusive of preschools and higher academic institutions, must be authorized by the Ministry of Education to be considered qualified for conferring Diplomas or other proofs of study completion, and performing certain special activities. Despite recent changes in accreditation criteria, the Ministry of Education is the exclusive accreditation body in Ukraine that deals with academic institutions.
Preschool, Elementary and Secondary Education.
Preschool to Grade XI students comprise the elementary and secondary education levels in the country. The following are the constituents of such education levels:
- Preschool programmes are attended by two-third of all children in Ukraine. Six-months-old to three-years-old children study in dityachy yasly or nursery schools. Children who are three to six years old enter dityachiy sad or kindergarten.
- Secondary education: Grades I to IY comprise the elementary levels. Grades Y to IX make up the lower secondary levels. Grades X and XI belong to the upper secondary levels. Grades I to IX collectively make up General or Incomplete Secondary Education while grades X and XI comprise Complete Secondary Education.
Elementary education (pochatkova osvita) makes up formal education’s earliest four years. Students under elementary education are taught about fundamental skills in social interactions, hygiene, mathematics, reading, speaking and writing. Due to state legislation, introductory art lessons, physical training, music lessons and subjects on environmental concerns must also be provided.
Grades Y to IX make up middle or lower secondary school. These grades utilize the subject-based approach in educating students. The middle school, particularly grade IX, is the last mandatory schooling grade. Lower secondary school graduates are provided with Attestation of Incomplete Secondary Education. Such document is necessary for entering any secondary academic institution.
Secondary Education of Ukraine.
The specialised secondary schools, the general academic schools and the secondary vocational-technical schools are the three kinds of schools that provide the upper secondary school curriculum for students in grades X and XI. All three school types possess the same core curriculum and the exit diplomas they provide are equally recognized by the country’s universities.
Vocational-technical/Secondary Vocational-technical Education of Ukraine.
Vocational-technical and secondary vocational-technical institutions have been made to provide middle school graduates the necessary capabilities for acquiring jobs. A graduate of such kind of institution is provided with Diploma of Completion of Vocational- Technical School. Recipients of diplomas “with distinction” can directly enter higher academic institutions as first year students. On the other hand, the majority of the graduates need to work for two years for their applications to be considered by academic institutes, universities or polytechnic institutes.
The Technical Lyceum provides full-time courses that last for twelve to eighteen months, to graduates in order for them to finish secondary education under certain trades or specializations. Technical programmes have been designed to serve as terminal vocational programmes. This means that they cannot be used for gaining higher educational attainment in any educational institution.
Specialised and Technical Education: “Tekhnikum” and “Uchilishche”.
There are two types of institutions for specialised secondary education in the Ukraine:
- TEKHNIKUM is intended for people who desire to work in the fields of business, engineering, agriculture and certain applied arts.
- UCHILISHCHE provides education to people who want to become librarians, nurses, pre-school teachers and medical experts.
An entrance test covering mathematics and general knowledge must be passed by applicants for the afore mentioned educational institutions. After graduating from uchilishche or tekhnicum, the students are conferred with diplomas that certify the completion of Specialised Secondary Education. The Quality Commission provides such diplomas. The diploma serves as proof that a student has finished secondary education, and a specialised study course within the field studied under the uchilishche or tekhnicum. Starting from 1989, numerous technical and specialised educational institutions have been converted into colleges that have the primary purpose of educating highly skilled specialists.
The process of entering a tekhnicum is similar to the process involved in the entry for a college. Applicants must pass the entrance tests to be deemed eligible. Grade IX graduates enter programmes that last for three years and ten months while complete secondary school graduates enter programmes that last for two years and ten months. The Diploma of Completion of College is attained after finishing a college educational programme.
Kinds of Higher Education Institutions.
Ukraine’s Ministry of Education mainly dictates the requirements for admission.
Academies, Pedagogical Institutes, Polytechnic Institutes, Specialised Institutes and Universities.
Both Ukrainian and foreign students can study in a post secondary educational institution no matter what kind of secondary educational training they have gone through. Male and female applicants will be accommodated if they pass the following:
- Completion of completed secondary education
- Ukrainian students under full-time study must not be 35 years old or older. However, evening or part-time study has no age restriction.
- Passing grade from a competitive entrance test prepared by a higher education institution; this is only applicable for Ukrainian students
Both entrance test scores and secondary school records are considered during the process of admission. Until 1991, citizens who came from Ukrainian origin can take the higher education for free. Numerous educational institutions modified such rule starting in 1991; Ukrainians have begun spending on their education. Majority of the students obtains monetary assistance from their respective educational institutions in the form of stipends. However, such assistance is inadequate for completely handling the students’ living expenditures.
The country had standardised educational programmes when it was still a part of the Soviet Union. The programmes in higher education institutions typically lasted for five years. Medical and engineering institutes did not follow the general duration. A student under a medical institute must complete a six-year programme. On the other hand, Polytechnic Institutes have education programs that last for 5.5 to 6 years. In spite of the existing variation, all students attained their respective Diplomas of Higher Education.
Most changes in polytechnic institutes happened after 1992. At present, numerous full-time programmes can grant bachelor’s degree to the student after undergoing formal education for four years while a Master’s Degree can be obtained after finishing formal education that lasts for six years. The Diploma of Higher Education is provided to a graduating student.
Advanced Degrees and Research.
Kandidat nauk or candidate of sciences is Ukraine’s earliest advanced academic degree. Applicants can only be admitted into the kandidat nauk if they had attained good or excellent grades when they finished the first tertiary-level degree and if they have passed the qualifying tests in their respective areas of specialization. The candidate of sciences is only provided for after accomplishing at least three years in guided research, completing a “Dissertatsiya” or Thesis, and publicly defending such thesis. The title specialist-researcher is awarded to any individual who has attained the kandidat degree.
The Highest Qualification Attestation Commission and a professional council in a particular area of specialisation confer the degree doctor of sciences or doktor nauk. The mentioned degree is the highest educational degree that the country can award any individual. The doktor nauk degree is comparable to the requirement of research publication that is necessary for promoting a faculty member in the US. The doctor of sciences degree cannot be awarded to a candidate who is forty years old or older. A major dissertation, which has substantial applied or fundamental scientific relevance, is necessary for getting awarded with the highest degree in Ukraine. The dissertation needs to be derived from an original study. Aside from this, the recipient must have already contributed ten to twenty publications in the field of science. After publishing the necessary dissertation, the paper must be submitted to members of Highest Qualification Attestation Commission and recognized experts in the applicant’s field of specialization. Secret balloting is conducted to determine whether or not the doctor of sciences degree gets awarded to the applicant. The Highest Qualification Attestation Commission needs to approve the outcome of the voting process. If the applicant’s dissertation and research are of very high quality, he or she can be quickly conferred with the doctor of sciences degree after being awarded kandidat nauk.